• Competency 1: Design evidence-based advanced nursing care for achieving high-quality population outcomes. 
    • Evaluate the current state of the quality of care and outcomes for a specific issue in a target population.
    • Justify why a developed policy will be vital in improving the quality of care and outcomes for a specific issue in a target population.
  • Competency 2: Evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of interprofessional interventions in achieving desired population health outcomes. 
    • Analyze the ways in which interprofessional aspects of a developed policy will support efficient and effective achievement of desired outcomes for the target population.
  • Competency 3: Analyze population health outcomes in terms of their implications for health policy advocacy. 
    • Analyze how the current state of the quality of care and outcomes for a specific issue in a target population necessitates health policy development and advocacy.
    • Advocate for policy development in other care settings with regard to a specific issue in a target population.
  • Competency 4: Communicate effectively with diverse audiences, in an appropriate form and style, consistent with organizational, professional, and scholarly standards. 
    • Communicate in a professional and persuasive manner, writing content clearly and logically with correct use of grammar, punctuation, and spelling.
    • Integrate relevant sources to support assertions, correctly formatting citations and referenc


Population Health Policy Advocacy

Kyla Hoag

NURS-FPX6026: Biopsychosocial Concepts for Advanced Nursing Practice 2

Capella University

Kathryn Sheppard

December 10, 2022

This study source was downloaded by 100000855641916 from on 01-16-2023 02:01:09 GMT -06:00


Population Health Policy Advocacy

Current State of Quality of Care for the Homeless Population

I am writing to address the negative correlation between chronic pain and drug addiction

among the homeless population. The rates of opioid abuse and addiction among the homeless

population are much higher than the public population. The presence of chronic pain in

combination with the stressors of being homeless is likely to lead to opioid misuse or addiction.

“Chronic pain is thought to be common among homeless people, in part due to frequent injuries

and the high prevalence of concurrent health conditions” (Hwang et. al., 2011, p. 1). The

homeless population often self-medicates with street drugs, and they use substances to numb the

pain and stressors that comes with living on the street. Being homeless also causes a lack of

stability, smaller support networks, and they typically do not have easy access to traditional

recovery programs, detox centers, and rehab programs.

The Necessity of a Systematic Change

It is crucial to look for a solution that will allow the homeless population to effectively

manage their chronic pain and mental health issues, and to get them most importantly into a safe

environment, where they do not have access to substances to continue feeding their addiction.

For some patients dealing with chronic pain, over the counter pain relievers and other methods

are ineffective, therefore, they are prescribed opioid medications. For patients who are prescribed

opioids for chronic pain, there needs to be screening tools and other precautions put in place by

the doctor’s office to prevent possible substance abuse. However, for some patients, prescribing

opioids for their chronic pain may be too unsafe and other options should be considered. By

This study source was downloaded by 100000855641916 from on 01-16-2023 02:01:09 GMT -06:00

Running head: LETTER TO THE EDITOR 1

Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

Letter to the Editor: Population Health Policy Advocacy

Learner’s Name

Capella University

Biopsychosocial Concepts for Advanced Nursing Practice II

Letter to the Editor: Population Health Policy Advocacy

November, 2018


Copyright ©2018 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited.

Letter to the Editor: Population Health Policy Advocacy

Current State of Quality of Care for Veterans Affected by Opioid Addiction

Veterans have been affected by the opioid crisis disproportionately. The rates of opioid

abuse and misuse among veterans are higher than among civilians. Veterans commonly present

with post-traumatic stress disorder and substance abuse disorder. The presence of these

behavioral issues in combination with chronic pain is likely to lead to misuse. Individuals may

attempt to soothe emotional or psychological pain with opioids, incorrectly associating the

physical relief or euphoria that opioids provide with psychological relief (Sullivan & Howe,


The Necessity of Health Policy Development for Opioid Addiction

Currently, there are policies that deal with maximum dosages and verifying dosage refills

through state prescription drug monitoring programs. However, the policy currently being

proposed will address the lack of awareness about opioids and opioid addiction. Childers and

Arnold even found that many clinicians do not believe they possess the knowledge or the skills

required to treat patients with addiction (as cited in Snow & Wynn, 2018).

Improving the Quality of Care in Treating Patients with Opioid Addiction

By adopting policy that requires making active efforts toward raising awareness about the

risks associated with opioids, health care organizations would empower individuals with

knowledge that could potentially help them and those close to them. Misconceptions about

opioid use will be clarified if the public is well-informed. Forming a committee composed of

pain management specialists, psychiatrists, and senior nurses to oversee the organization of such

programs would ensure that the programs are organized effectively and regularly. At these

programs, trained physicians would talk about the risks associated with opioid use and misuse


Write a letter to the editor of a scholarly journal. The length and format of the letter is dictated by your choice of journal.


Note: Each assessment in this course builds on the work you completed in the previous assessment. Therefore, you must complete the assessments in this course in the order in which they are presented.

Advocating for new policies is an important aspect of the master’s-prepared nurse. For new policies to be compelling they need to be supported by evidence. Supporting data can be used to illustrate why new policies and interventions are needed to help address a specific health issue. Compelling data can help sway the stakeholders and gain support for your policy.

Another aspect of advocacy is disseminating new policies and interventions outside of the immediate care environment. This can be done by reaching out to professional organizations as well as academic and professional journals. A letter to the editor is one strategy for disseminating information to a wider audience and to potentially enlist support throughout the wider professional community.

Professional Context

Nurses have the opportunity to use their skills and develop programs to keep individuals and communities healthy. Health is complex, however, and the nurse needs to possess strong advocacy skills to successfully support a cause or interest. The American Nurses Association’s (2015) code of ethics describes the responsibility of a nurse to include working through and with appropriate stakeholders to advocate for the health of people in and out of the work environment. To be an effective advocate, there are several important abilities a nurse must possess, including problem-solving, communication, and influencing others. One way a nurse can advocate to a broader population is through effective letter writing, both to legislators and through the media, such as with editorials and research articles.


American Nurses Association. (2015).
Code of ethics for nurses with interpretive statements.


Throughout this course, you have focused on a specific health issue occurring within a specific population. You researched position papers regarding this health concern, and you developed a health policy proposal to positively impact the health of the affected individuals. It is now time to reach a greater audience regarding your policy proposal.

You are going to write a letter to the editor of a peer-reviewed nursing journal. Choose from one of the journals in the

Ultimate List of Nursing Journals
and go to the jour