Please read attachment / 3 attachments very well 

Part 2: Advanced Levels of Clinical Inquiry and Systematic Reviews Create a 6- to 7-slide PowerPoint presentation ( introduction and references page do not count ) in which you do the following: · Identify and briefly describe your chosen clinical issue of interest. · Describe how you developed a PICO(T) question focused on your chosen clinical issue of interest. · Identify the four research databases that you used to conduct your search for the peer-reviewed articles you selected. · Provide APA citations of the four peer-reviewed articles you selected. · Describe the levels of evidence in each of the four peer-reviewed articles you selected, including an explanation of the strengths of using systematic reviews for clinical research. Be specific and provide examples.–

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 81 (81.00%) – 90 (90.00%)

Good 72 (72.00%) – 80 (80.00%)

Fair 63 (63.00%) – 71 (71.00%)

Poor 0 (0.00%) – 62 (62.00%)

Written Expression and Formatting—Paragraph Development and Organization:
Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction is provided, which delineates all required criteria.–

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 5 (5.00%) – 5 (5.00%)

Good 4 (4.00%) – 4 (4.00%)

Fair 3.5 (3.50%) – 3.5 (3.50%)

Poor 0 (0.00%) – 3 (3.00%)

Written Expression and Formatting—English Writing Standards:
Correct grammar, mechanics, and proper punctuation.–

Levels of Achievement:

Excellent 5 (5.00%) – 5 (5.00%)

Good 4 (4.00%) – 4 (4.00%)

Fair 3.5 (3.50%) – 3.5 (3.50%)

Poor 0 (0.00%) – 3 (3.00%)



Research Methodologies Matrix

of selected article

Article 1

Article 2

Article 3

Article 4

McLeod, A., & Dolezel, D. (2018). Cyber-analytics: Modeling factors associated with healthcare data breaches. Decision Support Systems, Science Direct. 108, 57-68.

Pathak, P. R., & Chou, A. (2019). Confidential care for adolescents in the US Health Care System. Journal of patient-centered research and reviews, 6(1), 46.

Seh, A. H., Zarour, M., Alenezi, M., Sarkar, A. K., Agrawal, A., Kumar, R., & Ahmad Khan, R. (2020, June). Healthcare data breaches: Insights and implications. In Healthcare (Vol. 8, No. 2, p. 133). Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute.

Walker-Roberts, S., Hammoudeh, M., & Dehghantanha, A. (2018). A systematic review of the availability and efficacy of countermeasures to internal threats in healthcare critical infrastructure. IEEE Access, 6, 25167-25177.

Reason for choosing the research article and how it relates to the issue of confidentiality in healthcare industry.

I selected this piece as it discourses the influences of data breaches and information confidentiality in the healthcare organizations.

I picked this piece of research as it offers the relevant information that can be used in caring for the youth in the mental health care facility by protecting their sensitive information. According to the researchers, the confidentiality of patient information is considered to be a human right and an evidence-based element of delivering quality care. Unluckily, there are complexities in the American healthcare and legal systems that develop a setting that presents confidential care to all patients especially the adolescents.

I selected this study as I can meaningfully use it in my research about confidentiality breach.

Innovative healthcare services have cleared a way for the development of simpler and easier access to healthcare services and quality treatment that make life healthy. I am interested in this article as it discusses the fact that the healthcare system in the present day is highly exposed to the external threats to information security breach. Therefore, this topic makes data breaches a major concern for the information security professionals as they may affect clie



A Brief Description of the Clinical Issue

The identified clinical issue is the breaches to the confidentiality of patient information confidentiality breaches encompass the security issues that harm the integrity of organizational information (Hammouchi, 2019). A data breach occurs anytime malicious people access information without legal permission. Therefore, the biggest confidentiality threat is hacking.

The medical profession needs to protect their patients’ confidentiality. They have a moral obligation to ensure the confidentiality and discretion in the healthcare facilities. Medical practice should involve trust between the patients and the physicians (Yeng, 2021). This responsibility of maintaining patient confidentiality provides the basic framework for the presence of some trust level among the healthcare professionals, specifically when developing relationships between the physicians and the patients.

All healthcare officials and personnel need to respect patient confidentiality and safeguard their wellbeing. Health information of patients does not only depend on the diagnoses, objective observations, and recreational activities but also the personal impressions about the clients, their characters, lifestyle, and other recreational activities (Pathak, 2019). Improper disclosure of patient information could potentially harm their reputation and lead to cases of personal humiliation, financial fraud, and loss in great opportunities.

Various people practice medicine today. They include physicians, surgeons, nurses, nurse practitioners, and other healthcare personnel. The large number of people visiting hospitals always leaves their information in the hospital’s records (McLeod, 2018). It is for this reason that the healthcare professionals need to protect this information by ensuring strict measures to ensure the confidentiality to patient information. Therefore, healthcare organizations do not condone careless behaviors such as sharing patient information in public, indiscretion, and maliciously using this information.

PICO (T) Question

The PICO (T) question identifies the research problems and the major components that constitute the research. In exploring the research about confidentiality in patient information, this research develops a PICOT question that will enable the researchers to drive the research process. The PICO question is: Patients between the ages of 45-70 years who have signed up for the hospital’s portal are likely to lose their private information for lack of understanding of the portal compared to patients between 16-40 years of age.

· Population (P): Patients between 45-70 y

Parker et al, (2017), is at level V of evidence because it provides evidence of systematic reviews of descriptive and qualitative studies that are commonly referred to mixed methods. Scanlon, (2017), is a cohort study hence level IV of evidence. Both Ferguson, (2018) and Menegueti et al, (2019) are of level of evidence because the data was obtained from well-designed control trials without randomization.

Examples in other topic

· Give clear and comprehensive overview of the available evidence on a given topic e.g. Implementing a CAUTI Prevention Program in an Acute Care Hospital Setting.

· Identifies methodological concerns that can be used to improve the study e.g. understand contradictions between qualitative findings and quantitative results.

· Allow predictions and testable hypothesis for example, the effect of educating health care professionals concerning indwelling urinary tract catheter

Level of Evidence CitationEvidence Level(Parker et al, 2017)Level V(Scanlon, 2017). Level IV(Ferguson, 2018). Level III(Meneguetiet al, 2019)Level III