break down of healthcare ethics

Question 1

In your own words, define ethical principles. Discuss an example that you have heard about or experienced where ethical principles have been used to resolve a complex health care issue. What ethical principle(s) were used in this example?

Your journal entry must be at least 200 words in length. No references or citations are necessary.

Question 2

How does utilitarianism affect health care decision-making? Provide an example.

Your response must be at least 200 words in length.

Question 3s

Provide an example of a health care ethical issue, and explain what ethical principle or principles are most appropriate for resolving the issue.

Your response must be at least 200 words in length.

HCA 3302, Critical Issues in Health Care 1

Course Learning Outcomes for Unit I

Upon completion of this unit, students should be able to:

7. Discuss common ethical principles applied to critical bioethical issues.
7.1 Evaluate common principles and theories of health care ethics.


Learning Outcomes
Learning Activity


Unit Lesson
Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Unit I Assessment

Required Unit Resources

Chapter 1: Theory of Healthcare Ethics

Chapter 2: Principles of Healthcare Ethics

Unit Lesson

In this unit, we will discuss foundations in theory. Particularly, we will learn about different theories and
principles of health care ethics. Having a solid foundation of the theories and principles of health care ethics
will allow you to have greater clarity when it comes to ethical decision-making in health care. Change,
particularly in health care, is not new. More specifically, it is a driving force and theme of the current health
care arena. Health care ethics are the moral principles that govern the U.S. health care delivery system. They
provide a framework for which health care products and services are delivered. The 21st century promises
individual, societal, and organizational health care ethical challenges (Morrison & Furlong, 2014). Before
discussing the current state of health care ethics (in future units), it is important to understand the history
behind health care ethics and the theories and principles.

Ancient Greek philosophers sought to understand and apply reasoning in determining the correct course of
action for a situation and how to explain why it was correct (Morrison & Furlong, 2019). Thomas Percival
wrote Percival’s Medical Ethics in 1803, and the American Medical Association (AMA) first met and
established the AMA Principle in 1847. These codes of ethics were established in accordance with the trends
of medicine at the time (AMA, 2017). Recognition and acknowledgement of the rights and needs of patients
receiving highly technical care grew as technology advanced (Mastrian & McGonigle, 2017).

Medical decisions are made based on sound facts and ethical values. Historically, health care decision-
making and patient privacy have been kept by health care professionals using codes of ethics, laws,
principles, and regulations. Ethics codes consist of a list of principles. Several organizations have developed
codes of ethics for patients as well as health care professionals.

Developed by professional organizations, examples of health care codes of ethics include the following:

• American Nurses Association Code of Ethics for Nurses,
• American Association of Medical Assistants (AAMA) Code of Ethics for Medical Assistants,
• AMA Code of Medical Ethics, and
• American Health Information Management Association Code of Ethics.