What would spirituality be according to your own worldview? 


What would spirituality be according to your own worldview? How do you believe that your conception of spirituality would influence the way in which you care for patients?


What aspects of the topic readings do you find the most interesting? What is your view of the analysis of disease and healing in the readings? Explain.

oundational Issues in Christian Spirituality and EthicsBy David W. Bogue and Michael Hogan

Without a biblical worldview, all the great teaching goes in one ear and out the other: There are no intellectual pegs … in the individual to hang these truths on. So they just pass through. They don’t stick. They don’t make a difference [in how humans interpret existence and order their lives]. George Barna (as cited in Colson & Pearcey, 1999)

Essential Questions

· What difference does your worldview make in daily life, and in how you perceive your future?

· What is the definition of spirituality from a Christian perspective? How does this compare to your own definition of spirituality?

· How would you categorize your worldview: atheism, pantheism, or theism? 

· After reading this chapter, does your current worldview pass the three tests (coherence, correspondence, and practical)? If not, what might you need to change?

· How does ethics influence one’s worldview?

· Does right or wrong depend on individual subjective opinions or is it about something deeper?

· How does ethics relate to medicine and health care?

· Can one know what is right or wrong or is it just what one is feeling in the moment?




The world is complex and sometimes confusing. Information is created and disseminated at a rate no one can completely comprehend. It is like trying to drink from a fire hose. Ethical dilemmas clamor for resolution. How can one make decisions that are right and morally good, beneficial and not harmful? How does one make sense of this fast-moving world’s experiences and events? 

a road sign with two directional arrows. One is labeled Right Decision, and the other is labeled Wrong Decision.

Medical practitioners make decisions every day that are laden with moral and ethical importance. Patients’ lives may be at stake, such as the elderly whose last days are near, children who are born with severe disabilities, the unborn and their anguish-filled mothers, and people who suffer from chronic pain or mental illnesses. Ethical questions abound, such as is euthanasia a morally acceptable choice? If not, then why not? If yes, then on what basis? Is it ethical to remove life-saving treatment from a dying patient and administer palliative care if needed? Is abortion a moral and ethical option, and if so, what limits, if any, should be imposed? Medical professionals at all levels of decision-making face these dilemmas regularly. How are nurses, with direct access to patients’ needs, to decide what is right and wrong? How one answers these questions matter in all areas of life. Professional morals cannot be separated from personal conduct. The importance of having a foundation and a framework from which to make true and good ethical deci

View “Literary Styles in the Bible” on the Bible Project website (2018).



View “The Story of the Bible” on the Bible Project website (2018).



View “What Is the Bible?” on the Bible Project website (2018).



Read “What Is Scientism?” by Burnett, on the American Association for the Advancement of Science website (2018).



Read “10 Things You Should Know About Scientism,” by Moreland, on the Crossway website (2018).



Henrietta Ayinor : Topic 1 DQ 1

Spirituality in my worldview has a great connection with faith, and a search for meaning and purpose in life, connection with others and surpassing Oneself. This results in s sense of inner peace and wellbeing. A strong spiritual connection may improve can improve an individual’s sense of satisfaction with life or enable accommodation to disability (Delgado 2005)

Phenwan et al. (2019) Spirituality is the essence of a human being The meaning of life, feeling of connectedness to the transcendental phenomena such as the universe or God. This connectedness may or may not be part of any religions. It is also part of comprehensive palliative care, defined by the World Health Organization. An individual’s spiritual well-being is a feeling of one’s contentment that stems from their inner self and is related to their quality of life

SSorajjakool (2017) Religious beliefs and customs can significantly shape a nurse- patients relationship this can also influence the expectations of the nurse and patient as well as their wishes and personal boundaries regarding daily routines such as dressing, diet, prayer and touch. Undoubtedly, the sensitivity with which clinicians communicate with patients and make decisions regarding appropriate medical intervention can be greatly increased by an understanding of religious as well as other forms of cultural diversity. As a nurse caring for a patient will be deliberate in making effort to understand a patient’s religious preferences this way, I will not impose my religious believes on the patient while helping them to access and receive preternatural care as a provide my nursing care this is beacuse different patienst have their spiritual prereferences and health and illness means dieferent things to dieferent people spiritually.

Delgado C. (2005). A discussion of the concept of spirituality. Nursing science quarterly, 18(2), 157–162. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894318405274828


Phenwan, T., Peerawong, T., & Tulathamkij, K. (2019). The Meaning of Spirituality and Well- Being among Thai Breast Cancer Patients: A Qualitative Study. Indian journal of palliative care, 25(1), 119–123.


SSorajjakool, S., Carr, M. F., Nam, J. J., Sorajjakool, S., & Bursey, E. (Eds.). (2017). World religions for healthcare professionals. Taylor & Francis ISBN 1317281020, 9 781317281023