Take the free online Big Five Personality Test and screenshot your results.

Download Complete the Career Dispositions Self-Inventory Worksheet.

Submit (upload as an attachment) your completed worksheet in MS Word doc format (not PDF).

PSY/250 v11

Career Dispositions Self-Inventory Worksheet

PSY/250 v11

Page 3 of 3

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Refer to Ch. 13 in your textbook,
Theories of Personality.

McCrae and Costa (Feist et al., 2021) theorized that personality traits can be categorized by five major factors:

· Openness

· Conscientiousness

· Extraversion

· Agreeableness

· Neuroticism

Like Allport, they claim that individuals will score at a specific point along a continuum for each of the five factors. For example, a high score in extraversion may reflect that someone is outgoing, or a low score may reflect that a person is reserved. Most people will score somewhere in the middle, with only a few who score at either of the extremes.

Combined, these factors can give us insight into recognizing and accepting our own dispositional traits, as well as those of others. Such an understanding of personality can help us self-reflect, predict behaviors, and demonstrate empathy in ways that can improve our relationships with colleagues in diverse workplace environments.

Part I: Trait Theories

In 125-175 words,
explain how dispositional trait theories (Allport, McCrae and Costa) are different from biological trait theories (Eysenck and Buss). Why is it important to understand the difference?

Part II: Big Five Personality Test

Take the
Big Five Personality Test to obtain a free basic report of your personality traits. Be honest with your answers so you can improve on your personal and work relationships. The report will display a graph that looks like this:

Provide your results below using one of the following methods:

· Type your results as a percentage for each trait.

· Create a chart or graph of your percentages.

· Take a screenshot of the graph of your results and paste it into this document.

Part III: Personality Trait Scores

Discuss each dimension of your personality based on the Big Five Personality Test report of your trait scores in 175–225 total words.

1. Summarize each dimension of your personality in 2-4 sentences; include examples of your behavior reflected in each dimension.

a) Openness:

b) Conscientiousness:

c) Extraversion:

d) Agreeableness:

e) Neuroticism:

2. How accurate do you believe the Big Five Personality Test is in its description of your personality? Explain your answ

1187326 – McGraw-Hill Higher Education (US) ©



McCrae and Costa’s Five-Factor Trait Theory

Courtesy Robert R. McCrae, PhD

Courtesy Paul T. Costa Jr., PhD

◆ Overview of Trait and Factor Theories

◆ The Pioneering Work of Raymond B. Cattell

◆ Basics of Factor Analysis

◆ The Big Five: Taxonomy or Theory?

◆ Biographies of Robert R. McCrae and Paul T. Costa, Jr.

◆ In Search of the Big Five

1187326 – McGraw-Hill Higher Education (US) ©


Five Factors Found
Description of the Five Factors

◆ Evolution of the Five-Factor Theory

Units of the Five-Factor Theory
Basic Postulates

◆ Related Research

Consistency and Change of Personality over the Lifetime
Measuring the Big Five with Our Digital Footprints

◆ Critique of Trait and Factor Theories

◆ Concept of Humanity

◆ Key Terms and Concepts

◆ References


homas was at a local bar with a few long-time friends, but one of them—Samuel—said something that
really upset Thomas, who had one too many to drink. Thomas stood up, pushed Samuel, and started a fight
then and there. Clarisse, a friend of Samuel’s, pulled Thomas off before anyone got seriously hurt. Clarisse

didn’t know Thomas well but was absolutely convinced that he was an aggressive, impulsive jerk and told
Thomas as much as the three went storming out of the bar. Samuel, surprisingly, came to Thomas’s defense and
said “You know, Thomas is really a good guy. That wasn’t like him—he must have been having a rough day. Give
him a break.”

Is Thomas an aggressive jerk or just having a rough day? Can we say Thomas is aggressive and impulsive
without knowing anything else about Thomas’s personality? Is this the way he normally is? What about when he
is not drunk? Does he act aggressively and impulsively in other situations? Does the situation (rough day) explain
best how Thomas acted or is it more accurate to explain his actions by his personality (aggressive jerk)?

These are the kinds of questions that psychologists ask. Social psychologists are likely to explain Thomas’s
behavior by the situation (rough day). Personality psychologists are more likely to attribute Thomas’s behavior to
enduring traits. A trait, as you recall from the opening chapter, makes people unique and contributes to the
consistency of how they behave in different situations and over time. Traits are the focus of study of many
personality psychologists, but historically different psychologists had their own particular list of personality traits
they focused on and there was little consensus as to what the major dimensions of personality were. This was
at least the case until the 1980s when the field converged on an answer: there are five major dimensions of
personality, namely extraversion, agreeabl