My task is only to give a positive opinion of these 2 discussions from my classmates. In total, I need 2 replies ( each of 200 words ) The 2 discussions are these: 

Discussion # 1 : 

 Spirituality is a major tenet in holistic nursing care and studies have shown that it is important for healthcare professionals to understand as well as assess some of the patients’ spiritual needs. One of the tools that can be used in evaluating spirituality in nursing is the Faith, Importance, Community, and Action (FICA) tool (Büssing, 2021). This tool is based on four domains that is the faith or the belief that a person has, the importance of the belief on the life of the individual and the subsequent influence of the belief on the decision made by the individual, the spiritual community of the individual, and the interventions to address the spirituality. This means that the tool can be used in identifying the spiritual needs of the patients and in the process address them.

The second tool that can be used is the HOPE Spiritual Assessment Tool. The tool is important to nurses in that it helps them understand some of the ways through which a patient derives hope and gets support when they are sick (Büssing, 2021). In addition, the nurse is able to understand the spiritual practices that are important to the patient in order for them to facilitate them. In addition, the tool also helps in understanding the role of spirituality in the decision-making processes of the patient. The third tool that can be used is Spiritual Needs Assessment for Patients (SNAP). This tool is beneficial in the identification of the spiritual needs of the patients and in helping the providers to come up with a framework that addresses the needs of the patient (Siler, Borneman, & Ferrell, 2019). This tool is based on answering questions related to the source of support that the patient gets, the beliefs of the patient, and the spiritual practices that are in line with the patient’s spirituality. These tools are ideal because they assist in the identification of the patients’ spiritual needs based on their beliefs and the impact that the needs have on the healthcare decisions made by the patients.

This discussion is important in helping me achieve the student learning outcomes. The first learning outcome is the ability to critique the nursing conceptual models and the impact that they have in nursing practice. For instance, the discussion helps in studying holistic care in nursing and the impact it has on nursing research and practice as well. This means that the theory is instrumental in examining the influence that nursing models have on research and in practice.


Büssing, A. (2021). The spiritual needs questionnaire in research and clinical application: A summary of findings. Journal of Religion and Health60(5), 3732-3748.

Siler, S., Borneman, T., & Ferrell, B. (2019). Pain and suffering. Seminars in Oncology Nursing35(3), 310-314.

Discussion # 2 :

 The integration of spirituality into nursing practice has a long history and is not a recent development. Spirituality is an important aspect of holistic nursing care and has been increasingly recognized as such in recent years. It is defined as the individual’s search for meaning and purpose in life, and includes personal beliefs, values, and experiences that give their lives significance. In nursing practice, spirituality is used to help patients cope with illness, stress, and other life challenges (Rachel et al., 2019). The integration of spirituality into nursing practice has a long history and is not a recent development. In fact, spirituality has been recognized as an important aspect of holistic patient care for centuries.

     Nurses have always recognized the importance of spiritual care in their practice, as spirituality can play a crucial role in the healing process of patients. Nurses have historically incorporated spiritual practices, such as prayer and meditation, into their care plans for patients and have recognized the role that a patient’s spiritual beliefs can play in their overall health and well-being. To effectively assess and address spirituality in nursing care, various tools have been developed and utilized. According to Reinert & Koenig (2018), some of these include:

     Spiritual Assessment Tools

     These are questionnaires or interviews designed to elicit information about a patient’s spiritual beliefs, practices, and needs. Examples include the FICA (Faith, Importance, Community, and Address) Spiritual History Tool, the Spiritual Needs Assessment Tool, and the HOPE (Holistic, Open, Personal, Experiential) Spiritual Assessment.

     Spirituality in Patient-Centered Care (SPIRIT) Model

     SPIRIT Model is a holistic approach to spiritual care that recognizes the importance of spirituality in health and healing. It includes six dimensions: meaning and purpose, connectedness, forgiveness, hope, comfort, and peace.

     The Chaplaincy Assessment Tool

     The Chaplaincy Assessment Tool assesses a patient’s spiritual needs and provides a structure for chaplain intervention in the hospital setting.

     The Sacred Space Assessment

     The Sacred Space Assessment tool evaluates a patient’s spiritual environment and helps to identify ways to enhance the spiritual atmosphere of the hospital.

     The Spiritual Well-being Scale

     The Spiritual Well-being Scale is a self-administered questionnaire that assesses an individual’s sense of spiritual well-being and satisfaction with life.

     These tools are significant and helps to evaluate a patient’s spirituality and guide healthcare providers in addressing their spiritual needs. It is important to recognize that spirituality is a personal and unique aspect of each individual, and therefore, assessment and care should be tailored to meet the specific needs of each patient. Incorporating spirituality into nursing practice can have a positive impact on patient outcomes, promoting healing and promoting overall well-being.


Reinert, K. G., & Koenig, H. G. (2018). Re‐examining definitions of spirituality in nursing research. Journal of advanced nursing, 69(12), 2622-2634.

Rachel, H., Chiara, C., Robert, K., & Francesco, S. (2019). Spiritual care in nursing: an overview of the measures used to assess spiritual care provision and related factors amongst nurses. Acta Bio Medica: Atenei Parmensis, 90(Suppl 4), 44.