Reply two other student posts with a reflection of their response.  Please make sure to provide citations and references (in APA, 7th ed. format) for your work.   

Gordon’s Functional Health Patterns in Child Development

Children of different ages have different milestones as they grow older. Therefore, new observable changes always guarantee the parents and guardians that the development process is on the right track. Thus, this essay will compare and contrast the growth and development patterns of 18- and 3yrs toddlers using Gordon’s functional health patterns.

The health perception and health management pattern in 18 months toddlers is that they solely depend on their parents and healthcare professionals to be healthy; in most cases, when they are sick, they cannot express it (Laud, 2021). Still, they are likely to cry as this is their way of expressing discomfort and fear, as depicted in Gordon’s functional health pattern of coping and stress tolerance. Whereas in these two categories, a three-year-old toddlers will be able to point out where they are feeling sick, and they can express themselves when they feel stressed (Stanborough, 2019). Additionally, when they are under stress, they can be easily distracted by engaging in activities they like, such as playing.

Looking into the nutritional and metabolic pattern of the younger toddler, this child can drink well from a cup and feed using a spoon with the help of their parents. However, at this stage, the child can experience problems in their digestive system as they are still being introduced to more solid foods (Laud, 2021). Therefore, this functional health pattern is closely related to the pattern and elimination functional health, as poor nutritional metabolism will result in bad bowel movements. While a three-year-old toddler feeds well, problems in their digestion system can show through food allergies (Stanborough, 2019).

An 18 months toddler’s pattern of activity and exercise is likely to be depicted through their running, walking, and engaging in other fun activities such as playing. This also relates directly to their sleeping patterns and rest, as they are likely to sleep 12 hours daily due to their engagement in more body movements than before. Moreover, a three-year-old toddler is expected to engage in more rigorous physical activities but will have a sleep range of eight to twelve hours daily.

Moreover, the cognitive functional health pattern of an 18 months toddler is depicted when the child identifies objects and their function. In contrast, a three-year-old toddler is likely to start asking questions about things surrounding them, and they speak fluently with a good memory. Considering the pattern of self-perception, self-concept, and sexual reproductive functions, the 18 months toddler can respond to their names but is unaware of the various genders that exist. In contrast, a three-year-old toddler can respond to their name and need to belong to a social setting such as a playgroup and know the genders around them (Laud, 2021).

 The pattern of values and beliefs i


Understanding the differences in Gordon’s functional health patterns between one-year- old and two-year-old toddlers is crucial for healthcare professionals and caregivers. At 1 year old, toddlers are beginning to develop an awareness of their body and physical needs. They rely on primary caregivers to manage their health. However, by 2 years of age, toddlers start demonstrating a greater capacity to comprehend basic health concepts such as hygiene, nutrition, recognize signs of illness, and participate more actively  in their health management. During the first year of life, nutrition is primarily focused on breastfeeding or formula feeding. As toddlers pass the one-year mark, they begin to develop preferences, participate in self-feeding, and may exhibit more independence in their food choices (Cleveland Clinic, 2022).

At 1 year old, toddlers are transitioning from a primarily liquid diet to solid foods, which can affect their elimination patterns. Although they may have achieved basic bladder and bowel control, accidents are still common. By age 2, toddlers typically show increased understanding and control over their elimination patterns. One-year-old toddlers participate in exploratory play, gradually strengthening their gross and fine motor skills. They engage in activities such as crawling, pulling up, and cruising (Garbi, 2022). By age two, toddlers have acquired a range of mobility skills, including walking, running, and climbing. Their intelligence enables them to comprehend simple instructions related to physical activities (CDC, 2021).

At 1 year old, toddlers may still require multiple naps throughout the day.  By age 2, toddlers generally transition to one nap per day and often sleep through the night. Their intelligence aids in understanding bedtime routines and comprehending directions to relax and settle down for restful sleep. During the first year of life, toddlers engage in sensorimotor play, exploring their environment and developing cognitive skills. Around age 2 they engage in more complex pretend play, understand  instructions, follow simple rules, name objects, recognize themselves in the mirror, and exhibit more advanced problem-solving abilities.

At 1 year old, toddlers begin to develop a basic self-perception, recognizing themselves in relation to their caregivers. They exhibit increasing independence and assertiveness. By age 2, they have a clear understanding of their own abilities, preferences, and interests. This emerging self-concept contributes to their growing autonomy and self-confidence. At age 1, toddlers are primarily engaged in relationships with their primary caregivers, relying on them for emotional and physical support. By age 2, toddlers are forming relationships with peers and extended family members. They engage in simple social interactions, follow basic social rules, and express emotions more clearly, contributing to