This week, we will have two case studies:

  • Ethical Issues over DNR Orders
  • Emergency Divert Status

These case studies will cover topics in healthcare disparities, cultural competencies, ethics laws, and conflict of interests. You will have the opportunity to discuss a case among your fellow students and perform a written analysis on the case.

Your Learning Objectives for the Week:

  • Evaluate issues on human behavior in healthcare organizational settings, including issues pertaining to leadership and change interventions to enhance organizational effectiveness.
  • Analyze human resource systems for employment, compensation, training and development, appraisal, and labor/employee relations in health care organizations.
  • Critique healthcare reform process in the US health care system, reviewing major proposals for system reform currently under consideration including governance and accountability models.

MHA6999 WEEK 5 LECTURE, DISCUSSION, AND PROJECT INSTRUCTIONS Page | 1

Healthcare Ethics (Stem Cell Research)

Technological advances over the past few decades have today created medical possibilities without boundaries and also invoked nightmarish science fiction imagery beyond what was previously imagined.

Even its opponents have not denied the medical benefits of stem cell research. Stem cell research proponents cite the promise it holds for curing what are now incurable diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) or Lou Gehrig’s disease, and multiple sclerosis, as well as spinal cord injuries (Pozgar, 2016). Opponents of stem cell research argue that this practice is a slippery slope to reproductive cloning and fundamentally devalues the worth of a human being.

The debate surrounding human embryonic stem cell research plays a crucial role in the culture wars. Those who embrace post-traditional morality see no ethical problem with the destruction of human embryos for research and therapies (Joseph, 2013). There are an estimated hundred million people worldwide who are afflicted by these medical conditions. As personalized medicine and patient stratification come to the fore and therapies are becoming more patient specific, important questions are being raised regarding whether conclusions gained from using a single genomic background in a drug screening assay are globally applicable (Minger, 2013). Stem cells are thought to hold the possibility of creating human organs, which will match the cellular structure of the organ recipient.

Opponents of stem cell research declare the use and destruction of life (or potential life) in the form of embryonic stem cells as unacceptable. Opponents of embryonic stem cell research draw a parallel to the experimentation on human beings in the World War II concentration camps. Because the embryo must be destroyed to obtain embryonic stem cells, and because many opponents of stem cell research equate embryonic stem cells with life, they conclude that such medical breakthroughs cannot ethically be obtained at the expense of human life. On August 9, 2001, President George W. Bush announced his policy on research involving human embryonic stem cells and proclaimed that federal funding would be allocated only to research involving human embryonic stem cell lines produced prior to his announcement (Yaniv, 2008).

Medical Ethics

Ideally, for a medical practice to be considered “ethical,” it must respect all the four of these principles: autonomy, justice, beneficence, and nonmaleficence.

Review each tab to know more.

Autonomy

Description

Requires that the patient have the autonomy of thought, intention, and action when making decisions regarding healthcare procedures.

When Does the Ethic Come into Play: Example

A wom

11/22/21, 8:17 PM Rubric Assessment – MHA6999-Seminar in Healthcare Cases SU01 – South University

https://myclasses.southuniversity.edu/d2l/lms/competencies/rubric/rubrics_assessment_results.d2l?ou=83314&evalObjectId=416322&evalObjectType=5&userId=4901&groupId=0&rubricId=6574&d2l_b… 1/4

Close

Print RubricSUO Discussion Rubric (80 Points) – Version 1.2
Course: MHA6999-Seminar in Healthcare Cases SU01

Response
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F-D: 1-
27)
27 points

Satisfactory (C: 28-
31)
31 points

Proficient (B: 32-35)
35 points

Exemplary (A: 36-
40)
40 points

Criterion Score

Quality of Initial

Posting

/ 40
No initial posting exists

to evaluate.

The information provided

is inaccurate, not focused

on the assignment’s topic,

and/or does not answer

the question(s) fully.

Response demonstrates

incomplete

understanding of the

topic and/or inadequate

preparation.

The information provided

is accurate, giving a basic

understanding of the

topic(s) covered. A basic

understanding is when

you are able to describe

the terms and concepts

covered. Despite this

basic understanding,

initial posting may not

include complete

development of all

aspects of the

assignment.

The information provided

is accurate, displaying a

good understanding of

the topic(s) covered. A

good understanding is

when you are able to

explain the terms and

topics covered. Initial

posting demonstrates

sincere reflection and

addresses most aspects

of the assignment,

although all concepts may

not be fully developed.

The information provided

is accurate, providing an

in-depth, well thought-

out understanding of the

topic(s) covered. An in-

depth understanding

provides an analysis of

the information,

synthesizing what is

learned from the

course/assigned readings.

Participation
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F-D: 1-
13)
13 points

Satisfactory (C: 14-
16)
16 points

Proficient (B: 17-18)
18 points

Exemplary (A: 19-
20)
20 points

Criterion Score

11/22/21, 8:17 PM Rubric Assessment – MHA6999-Seminar in Healthcare Cases SU01 – South University

https://myclasses.southuniversity.edu/d2l/lms/competencies/rubric/rubrics_assessment_results.d2l?ou=83314&evalObjectId=416322&evalObjectType=5&userId=4901&groupId=0&rubricId=6574&d2l_b… 2/4

Participation
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F-D: 1-
13)
13 points

Satisfactory (C

11/22/21, 8:26 PM Rubric Assessment – MHA6999-Seminar in Healthcare Cases SU01 – South University

https://myclasses.southuniversity.edu/d2l/lms/competencies/rubric/rubrics_assessment_results.d2l?ou=83314&evalObjectId=426189&evalObjectType=1&userId=4901&viewTypeId=3&rubricId=260758&… 1/3

Close

Print RubricSU MHA6999 Week 5 Project Rubric
Course: MHA6999-Seminar in Healthcare Cases SU01

Criteria
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F through
D Range) (1–51)
51 points

Satisfactory (C
Range) (52–59)
59 points

Proficient (B Range)
(60–66)
66 points

Exemplary (A
Range) (67–75)
75 points

Criterion Score

Includes all

assignment

components and

meets graduate

level critical

thinking. A

purpose

statement is

identified for the

response.

/ 75
Student did not

submit assignment.

Work minimally

meets assignment

expectations. No

purpose statement

is provided.

Assignment meets

some expectations

with minimal depth

and breath. Purpose

statement is vague.

Assignment meets

most of

expectations with all

components being

addressed in good

depth and breadth.

Purpose statement

is present and

appropriate for the

assignment.

Assignment meets

all expectations with

exceptional depth

and breath. A

comprehensive

purpose statement

delineates all

requirements of the

assignment.

Criteria
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F through
D Range) (1–51)
51 points

Satisfactory (C
Range) (52–59)
59 points

Proficient (B Range)
(60–66)
66 points

Exemplary (A
Range) (67–75)
75 points

Criterion Score

Integrates and

understands

assignments

concepts and

topics.

/ 75
Student did not

submit assignment.

Shows some degree

of understanding of

assignment

concepts.

Demonstrates a

clear understanding

of assignment

concepts.

Demonstrates the

ability to evaluate

and apply key

assignment

concepts.

Demonstrates the

ability to evaluate,

apply and integrate

key assignment

concepts.

11/22/21, 8:26 PM Rubric Assessment – MHA6999-Seminar in Healthcare Cases SU01 – South University

https://myclasses.southuniversity.edu/d2l/lms/competencies/rubric/rubrics_assessment_results.d2l?ou=83314&evalObjectId=426189&evalObjectType=1&userId=4901&viewTypeId=3&rubricId=260758&… 2/3

Criteria
No Submission
0 points

Emerging (F through
D Range) (1–51)