Part II: Data Collection Procedures & Measurement Tools/Instruments

Describe ALL methods to collect data in detail (i.e. interview, survey, observation……etc.)

Describe each measurement tool/instrument used to measure/assess outcomes in the study in detail.

Results/Findings

Participant Characteristics/Sociodemographic Findings

Describe participant characteristics or sociodemographic status

Must be objective, descriptive, and comprehensive

Must describe the findings of Tables/Figures to provide comprehensive information about participant characteristics as article provided.

Study Results/Findings

Describe ALL Other Results/Findings besides above participant characteristics in detail.

Each result item must include Headings/Subheadings as the article provided.

Do NOT simply saying “pain level was decreased,” “adherence was increased”…etc  

Do NOT include contents from Discussion and/or Conclusion in the article. 

Part III: Synthesis of Findings 

Synthesis of Findings

Describe the Rationale/Mechanism for how/why Finding of each intervention/factor helps your Research Question (i.e. how/what mechanism does music therapy help pain, how does sucking stimulation increase oral intake for pre-term infants)

Should NOT repeat same contents you had on Findings section and/or article

May include citations from other sources for above described rationale/mechanism (i.e. textbooks, CDC…etc) 

Nursing Implications

How the nurses can implement the research findings into nursing practice.

Group Article Summary Table (All group members)

Describe each group member’s article on Research Article Summary Table.

Use bullet points for each category.

Improving Medication Safety in Psychiatry – A Controlled
Intervention Study of Nurse Involvement in Avoidance of

Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions
Ann L. Soerensen1,2, Marianne Lisby3, Lars P. Nielsen4, Birgitte K. Poulsen4 and Jan Mainz5,6,7

1Danish Center for Healthcare Improvements, Faculty of Social Science, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark, 2University College of Northern
Denmark, Aalborg, Denmark, 3Research Center for Emergency Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark, 4Department of Clinical

Pharmacology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark, 5Department of Psychiatry, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark,
6Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark and 7Department of Community Mental Health, The

University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel

(Received 9 October 2017; Accepted 12 February 2018)

Abstract: The aim of this controlled, before-and-after study in the Department of Psychiatry in a university hospital in Denmark
was to examine the potential effects and characteristics of nurses reviewing psychiatric patients’ medication records to identify
potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs). The control group and the intervention group each consisted of two bed units cho-
sen based on patients’ diagnoses and age categories. There were 396 patients (age ≥18 years) included in the study. Senior clini-
cal pharmacology physicians performed medication reviews for all patients in the study; these medication reviews were
considered gold standard. The intervention group: nurses were given a pharmacology course after which the nurses reviewed
medication lists and subsequently conferred any identified PIPs with physicians. The control group: medication was reviewed as
usual and nurses did not participate. Primary outcome measure was the potential difference in PIPs between the control group
and the intervention group, analysed in two ways: (i) difference in mean number of PIPs and (ii) difference in number of patients
exposed to ≥1 PIP, using regression analysis with an approximated difference-in-difference (DID) approach. Secondary outcome
measure was characteristics of PIPs where physicians responded to nurse-identified PIPs. The DID between intervention group
and control group for mean number of PIPs per patient was �0.23 (�1.07 to 0.60), and for number of patients receiving ≥1 PIP,
the odds ratio was 0.61 (0.25 to 1.46). Physicians changed most prescriptions in the category interaction between drugs. Nurses
could not significantly reduce the prevalence of PIPs for psychiatric patients.

Potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs) are common and
significant in older patients [1,2] and present a specific chal-
lenge in psychiatry [3–6]. There appears to be limited research
on PIP in general psychiatric populations that include younger
patients. However, a Danish study est

6

Individual Analyzing Published Research Article (IAPRA) Paper

Individual Analyzing Published Research Article (IAPRA)

Part II: Data Collection Procedures & Measurement Tools/Instruments

Describe ALL methods to collect data in detail (i.e. interview, survey, observation……etc.)

Describe
each
measurement tool/instrument used to measure/assess outcomes in the study in detail.

Results/Findings

Participant Characteristics/Sociodemographic Findings

Describe participant characteristics or sociodemographic status

Must be objective, descriptive, and comprehensive

Must describe the findings of Tables/Figures to provide comprehensive information about participant characteristics as article provided.

Study Results/Findings

Describe
ALL
Other Results/Findings besides above participant characteristics in detail.

Each result item must include Headings/Subheadings as the article provided.

Do
NOT
simply saying “pain level was decreased,” “adherence was increased”…etc

Do
NOT
include contents from Discussion and/or Conclusion in the article.

Part III: Synthesis of Findings

Synthesis of Findings

Describe the
Rationale/Mechanism
for how/why
Finding
of each intervention/factor helps your Research Question (i.e. how/what mechanism does music therapy help pain, how does sucking stimulation increase oral intake for pre-term infants)

Should
NOT
repeat same contents you had on Findings section and/or article

May include citations from other sources for above described rationale/mechanism (i.e. textbooks, CDC…etc)

Nursing Implications

How the nurses can implement the research findings into nursing practice.

Group Article Summary Table (All group members)

Describe each group member’s article on Research Article Summary Table.

Use bullet points for each category.

Grading Rubric & Description for IAPRA

Part I (80)

Research Question

5

· Accurately/Clearly states group’s Research Question as your group formulated

Purpose of Study

5

· Describe the purpose of the study as the author stated in the article.

· Do
NOT
change or modify the statement on the art