Please see attached. Previous assignment attached for reference as well.

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CHANGING BEHAVIOR

Changing Behavior in Dieting and Physical Activity for Children at Risk of Obesity

Jessica Tidd

Capella University

MPH 5900: Public Health Capstone

August 2022

Changing Behavior in Dieting and Physical Activity for Children at Risk of Obesity

Background of the problem

The problem of child obesity is fast becoming a pandemic in the United States, putting both children and adolescents at risk of diabetes and generally poor health. The prevalence rates of obesity among children in the developed world remain high (Karik & Kanekar, 2012). According to statistics posted by the Center for Disease Prevention and Control, for children between the ages of 2 and 19, in the period between 2017 and 2021, the obesity rate was 19.7% and affected over 14.7 million adolescents and children. In children between 2 and 5 years, the obesity rate was 12.7%, while the same was 20.7% in the children aged between 6 and 11. In children between 12 and 19 years, the obesity prevalence was 22.2%. The CDC study was also broken down into ethnic groups where obesity rates among children were found to vary between races. For instance, the prevalence rate among white children was 16.6%, 26.2% among Hispanic children, 24.8% among Black non-Hispanic children, and 9% among Asian children who are not Hispanic (CDC, n.d).

The conditions related to obesity include high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, type 2 diabetes, asthma, sleep apnea, and other problems such as joint problems. This is why the problem of childhood obesity needs to be tackled (Ogden et al., 2014). The above-highlighted statistics further demonstrate that there is a need to lower the childhood obesity rates both in the short and long run.


Dieting changes behavior as an intervention

Obesity is caused by poor nutrition; therefore, the solution to tackling child obesity is a change in nutrition (Han et al., 2019). The rates of childhood obesity are high in the United States because foods consumed in US households are high in calories and carbs. Consumption of foods rich in processed sugars such as cakes, candy, fast food, and soft drinks is the number one cause of high obesity rates in the developed world. According to De Miguel-Etayo (2013), various strategies that can be used to treat childhood obesity typically range from lifestyle changes, surgical interventions, and pharmacotherapy. Among these three methods, the most effective method is dietary changes because it is the cheapest and the easiest to implement. De Miguel-Etayo et al. (2013) state that the aim of dietary treatment of childhood obesity should be to enhance the proper growth of children and development by reducing the accumulation of excessive fat and avoi

After a program has been created, it must be evaluated in order to determine its success. For this assignment, complete the following:

1. Incorporate the changes to address the feedback received.

a. Use the feedback from your instructor to address pertinent sections for errors or insufficiencies. Implementing this feedback will help you draft this assignment and your course project.

2. Discuss the program to be introduced to the selected population to address the specific public health problem or issue.

a. Assess population needs, assets, and capacities that affect communities’ health through epidemiological records and literature reviews. Explain activities and resources to be introduced and used for this program to change behaviors and health outcomes and why they are selected.

b. Describe the projected goals for the program.

c. Based on past studies and available data, analyze the projected expected effects of the program.

3. Identify the engaged stakeholders.

a. Describe those involved, those affected, and the primary intended users.

4. Gather credible evidence to substantiate the need for the program.

a. Identify past programs similar to the proposed program and the outcomes for those past programs.

b. Explain past study results and epidemiological data for similar programs implemented.

c. Justify conclusions on the past programs and provide lessons learned for implementing this program.

5. Analyze how data will be collected from program participants and other relevant stakeholders to determine program effectiveness.

a. Identify what instruments will be used to collect data, such as surveys, focus group interviews, or key informant interviews.

b. Determine who will analyze the data and how the data will be analyzed.

6. Propose policy recommendations.

a. Evaluate policies for their impact on public health and health equity. Discuss multiple dimensions of the policy-making process, including the roles of ethics and evidence.

b. Discuss dissemination and communication suggestions for the evaluation results both in writing and through oral presentation.

c. Explain how the results will be shared with key stakeholders and the community.

d. Identify how the results will inform future programs and how they can improve health outcomes.

View the scoring guide to ensure you fulfill all grading criteria.

Additional Requirements

· Length: A minimum of 10–12 double-spaced pages, not including title and reference pages.

· Font: Arial, 12 point.

· References: Cite at least eight references from peer-reviewed journals.

· Format: Use current APA style and formatting.


FEEDBACK FROM PREVIOUS ASSIGNMENT:

Great program intervention paper with SMART ob