Individual Analyzing Published Research Article (IAPRA) 

Part I: Research Question, Purpose, Variables and Participants

Research Question

Clearly and concisely states your group research question as formulated in PICO format.

Purpose of the Study

Describe the purpose/aim of the study as the author stated in the article: may cut & paste

Do NOT change or modify the purpose statement on the article 

Variables

Identify study variables from the above stated Purpose of Study

Quantitative Study: Dependent & Independent Variables OR Descriptive, Qualitative Study: Variables of Interest 

Participants

Enrollment: How did they recruit/enroll eligible participants in the study?

Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria: Describe Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Total Participant Numbers: Total numbers of participants in the study

Intervention Procedures/Obtaining Information Procedures

Quantitative Study

Intervention/Treatment Group

Describe the intervention contents given to Intervention group

Describe how the contents were given to Intervention group

Identify the person who provided Intervention contents to Intervention group

Control Group: If the study has Control Group

Describe the contents given to Control group

Describe how the contents were given to Control group

Identify the person who provided contents to Control group  

Improving Medication Safety in Psychiatry – A Controlled
Intervention Study of Nurse Involvement in Avoidance of

Potentially Inappropriate Prescriptions
Ann L. Soerensen1,2, Marianne Lisby3, Lars P. Nielsen4, Birgitte K. Poulsen4 and Jan Mainz5,6,7

1Danish Center for Healthcare Improvements, Faculty of Social Science, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark, 2University College of Northern
Denmark, Aalborg, Denmark, 3Research Center for Emergency Medicine, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark, 4Department of Clinical

Pharmacology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, Denmark, 5Department of Psychiatry, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, Denmark,
6Department of Clinical Medicine, Faculty of Health, Aalborg University, Aalborg, Denmark and 7Department of Community Mental Health, The

University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel

(Received 9 October 2017; Accepted 12 February 2018)

Abstract: The aim of this controlled, before-and-after study in the Department of Psychiatry in a university hospital in Denmark
was to examine the potential effects and characteristics of nurses reviewing psychiatric patients’ medication records to identify
potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs). The control group and the intervention group each consisted of two bed units cho-
sen based on patients’ diagnoses and age categories. There were 396 patients (age ≥18 years) included in the study. Senior clini-
cal pharmacology physicians performed medication reviews for all patients in the study; these medication reviews were
considered gold standard. The intervention group: nurses were given a pharmacology course after which the nurses reviewed
medication lists and subsequently conferred any identified PIPs with physicians. The control group: medication was reviewed as
usual and nurses did not participate. Primary outcome measure was the potential difference in PIPs between the control group
and the intervention group, analysed in two ways: (i) difference in mean number of PIPs and (ii) difference in number of patients
exposed to ≥1 PIP, using regression analysis with an approximated difference-in-difference (DID) approach. Secondary outcome
measure was characteristics of PIPs where physicians responded to nurse-identified PIPs. The DID between intervention group
and control group for mean number of PIPs per patient was �0.23 (�1.07 to 0.60), and for number of patients receiving ≥1 PIP,
the odds ratio was 0.61 (0.25 to 1.46). Physicians changed most prescriptions in the category interaction between drugs. Nurses
could not significantly reduce the prevalence of PIPs for psychiatric patients.

Potentially inappropriate prescriptions (PIPs) are common and
significant in older patients [1,2] and present a specific chal-
lenge in psychiatry [3–6]. There appears to be limited research
on PIP in general psychiatric populations that include younger
patients. However, a Danish study est

6

Individual Analyzing Published Research Article (IAPRA) Paper

Purpose

· The purpose of this paper is to interpret the article as most relevant to the group topic.

· Use your article from your ITSS paper to write this paper.

Course Outcomes

This assignment enables the student to meet the following course outcomes:

CO 2: Apply research principles to the interpretation of the content of published research studies (PO#4 & 8).

CO 4: Evaluate published nursing research for credibility and clinical significance related to evidence-based

practice (PO#4 & 8).

Due Date (please see course calendar for specific dates/times)

· The Late Assignment Policy applies to this assignment.

Points Possible: 200 Points

Paper Preparation:

· It is NOT acceptable to use bullet-points in the body of text review paper.

· The paper must be PARAPHRASED with your OWN words with in-text citations.

· It is NOT acceptable to QUOTE article contents
EXCEPT
the
Purpose of Study.

· Paper must include all required APA-Style/Format

· Do
NOT
leave blank for any of these review elements.

· Any review element left blank will get 0 point: If authors did not provide information or it was not applicable for certain elements, make note such as “No information was given” or “Not applicable”

PLAGIARISM: “Turnitin” Percentage

· Less than 25 percentage: Acceptable percentage.

· Turnitin Draft Submission Box

· Submit your draft of paper into Turnitin Draft Submission Box to check your percentage as many times as needed before you submit your final paper to designated Unit.

· If your Final paper has 25% or higher percentage, you must revise/modify your paper contents
BEFORE
you submit your paper due date and time.

· If your Final paper has 25% or higher percentage
AT/AFTER
you submit your final paper due date and time, Academic Integrity Violation Procedures will be initiated

Academic Integrity Violation Procedure

· Academic Integrity Violation letter will be sent to student

· Assignment Grade will be 0 point

· The violation case will be reviewed, and a further sanction will be determined by the Administrators

Individual Analyzing Published Research Article (IAPRA)

Part I: Research Question, Purpose, Variables and Participants

Research Question

Clearly and concisely states your group research question as formulated

Part I: Research Question, Purpose, Variables and Participants

Research Question

Clearly and concisely states your group research question as formulated in PICO format.

Purpose of the Study

Describe the purpose/aim of the study as the author stated in the article: may cut & paste

Do
NOT
change or modify the purpose statement on the article

Variables

Identify study variables from the above stated Purpose of Study

Quantitative Study: Dependent & Independent Variables
OR
Descriptive, Qualitative Study: Variables of Interest

Participants

Enrollment: How did they recruit/enroll eligible participants in the study?

Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria: Describe Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Total Participant Numbers: Total numbers of participants in the study

Intervention Procedures/Obtaining Information Procedures

Quantitative Study

Intervention/Treatment Group

Describe the intervention contents given to Intervention group

Describe how the contents were given to Intervention group

Identify the person who provided Intervention contents to Intervention group

Control Group: If the study has Control Group

Describe the contents given to Control group

Describe how the contents were given to Control group

Identify the person who provided contents to Control group