Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:

· Textbook: Chapter 16

· Lesson

Introduction
Remember – these journal questions require more thinking than writing. Think about exactly what you are asked to do, and then write as economically as possible. 

Instructions

· Critical Thinking

Go back to your very first journal entry – review your definition of critical thinking. After studying critical thinking for the past eight weeks, would you change your definition in any way? If yes, how and why? If no – if it was perfect – what parts of the text were best reflected in your definition?

· Heart of the Matter

Recall in your first journal entry that you discussed the authors’ statement that the concepts in Chapters 12, 13 and 14 were “the heart of the matter.” After having studied those chapters, answer again, with renewed understanding, the question posed there: Why do you think the authors find these concepts important to critical thinking?

· Ethical Decision-Making

The lecture claims that an argument is no good unless it has a “strong and reasoned ethical base.” Do you agree that ethics is an essential element of a good argument? If yes, why? If no, why not?

· Looking Forward

oDo you believe that you now know everything you need to know about critical thinking – or is learning to think critically a life-long task? Explain your answer.

Required Resources
Read/review the following resources for this activity:

· Textbook: Chapter 16

· Lesson

Introduction
Remember – these journal questions require more thinking than writing. Think about exactly what you are asked to do, and then write as economically as possible. 

Instructions

· Critical Thinking

· Go back to your very first journal entry – review your definition of critical thinking. After studying critical thinking for the past eight weeks, would you change your definition in any way? If yes, how and why? If no – if it was perfect – what parts of the text were best reflected in your definition?

· Heart of the Matter

· Recall in your first journal entry that you discussed the authors’ statement that the concepts in Chapters 12, 13 and 14 were “the heart of the matter.” After having studied those chapters, answer again, with renewed understanding, the question posed there: Why do you think the authors find these concepts important to critical thinking?

· Ethical Decision-Making

· The lecture claims that an argument is no good unless it has a “strong and reasoned ethical base.” Do you agree that ethics is an essential element of a good argument? If yes, why? If no, why not?

· Looking Forward

· Do you believe that you now know everything you need to know about critical thinking – or is learning to think critically a life-long task? Explain your answer.

Running Head: CRITICAL THINKING JOURNAL 1

CRITICAL THINKING JOURNAL 2

Critical Thinking Journal

Olawoyin Ibitoye

Professor Oakes

Chamberlain University

09/05/2021

Critical Thinking Journal

Critical Thinking

Critical thinking is the capability of an individual to actively and adeptly conceptualize, apply, analyze, synthesize, and evaluate information collected from or created by observation, knowledge, reasoning, experience, communication, reasoning, or reflection to guide their actions, thoughts, behaviors, and beliefs (Hitchcock, 2018). Here, an individual undertakes autonomous thinking and analyzes diverse ideas and their associations to discover the best decision to solve a problem.

Heart of the Matter

Taking into account what I read in chapter 2.3, “Looking Ahead” of the textbook, I think the authors view “chapters 12, 13, and 14” as the “heart of the matter” because they illustrate the three most critical patterns used in human reasoning. Like the brain, which is the most critical part of thinking, these chapters are vital in thinking. These three chapters educate students on how to identify and assess ideological, empirical, and comparative thinking, which are important in critical thinking to make sure people make logical and impartial decisions (Facione & Gittens, 2017). In addition, the phrase “heart of the matter” can be perceived to denote the textbook’s three major themes that influence human reasoning. Thus, the chapters are here to sum up, the main patterns utilized when individuals think critically.

As stated by the authors, the chapters educate people on two important concepts comprising how to recognize and assess their reasoning. Thus, they can understand the risks, benefits, and purpose of every kind of reasoning. Recognition is the first concept, and it is the capability to discover the presence of an issue, which requires to be solved critically (Facione & Gittens, 2016). The second concept is assessment, which involves evaluating diverse problems within reach before reaching the most appropriate decision. Recognition and assessment are the ultimate conceptions in critical thinking because they aid individuals in thinking independently and establishing a detailed outline for assessing their arguments; this enables them to advance their distinct opinions.

Challenges and insights

My utmost challenge for this session is managing family, classwork, and work, which might be regarded as simple things. However, they need critical thinking skills to formulate a