In this assignment, you will examine sample arguments, identify the premises, and explore logical reasoning.

Step 1: Review assignment requirements.

The concepts of premise and hidden premise can be found everywhere in the fast food industry, but it takes some understanding and careful attention to identify them. Complete the attached worksheet which is comprised of three tables. In Table1, “Spot the Premise,” identify the premise (or hidden premise) of each conclusion provided below. This information will be useful for Table 2, “Defending the Premises,” in which you provide a more in-depth analysis into the aforementioned conclusions. In Table 3, you will further examine principles of logical reasoning.

Spot the Premise

  • Everyone I know likes Chick-a-Cola. It must be really good!
  • I can’t believe the McDonald’s VP is voting to cut employee benefits. He must be in the president’s pocket.
  • If a restaurant is crowded, then people love the menu. The restaurant is crowded. People must love the new menu.
  • Industrialized cattle farms are immoral because they murder animals.
  • The fast food industry is in turmoil. The poor economy has brought down consumer spending, so the fast food industry is going to collapse.

Table 2: Defending the Premises

  • Do the assumptions really support the conclusion? Why or why not?
  • Identify which of the premises use deductive reasoning and which use inductive reasoning

Table 3: Logical Reasoning

  • What characteristics define deduction? What defines induction?
  • How can assumptions inform the premise of an argument?
  • Contrast the principal differences between explicitly expressed and tacitly implied premises. Which of the conclusions have explicitly expressed or tacitly implied premises?
  • Explain the effect explicit and implicit assumptions have on the final conclusion.

Step 2: Complete the worksheet below using the HUM330 Week 2 Assignment Worksheet 

HUM 330 Week 2 Assignment Worksheet

Complete the following tables to assist you in learning the concepts presented in week 1 and week 2.

Table 1: Spot the Premise

Conclusion

Premise or “Hidden Premise”

1. Everyone I know likes Chick-a-Cola. It must be really good!

2. I can’t believe the McDonald’s VP is voting to cut employee benefits. He must be in the president’s pocket.

3. If a restaurant is crowded, then people love the menu. The restaurant is crowded. People must love the new menu.

4. Industrialized cattle farms are immoral because they murder animals.

5. The fast food industry is in turmoil. The poor economy has brought down consumer spending, so the fast food industry is going to collapse.

Table 2: Defending the Premises

Question

Conclusion 1

Conclusion 2

Conclusion 3

Conclusion 4

Conclusion 5

Does the assumption support the conclusion? (yes/no)

Write notes explaining why the assumption supports the conclusion or why it does not.

Deductive or Inductive Reasoning?

Table 3: Logical reasoning

Question

Notes for answer

What characteristics define deduction?

What defines induction?

How can assumptions inform the premise of an argument?

Contrast the principal differences between explicitly expressed and tacitly implied premises.

Which of the conclusions have explicitly expressed or tacitly implied premises?

Explain the effect explicit and implicit assumptions have on the final conclusion.

RN to BSN – 180 Credits

HUM330 Week 2: Find the Premises and Logical Reasoning Grading Rubric

Metrics: Excellent
(8-10 pts):

Needs some
improvement
(6-8 points):

Needs significant
improvement
(4-6 points):

Poor
(0-4 points):

Spot the
Premise

Correctly
identifies the
premise type for
all 5 examples.

Correctly
identifies the
premise for 3-4 of
the examples.

Correctly identifies
the premise for 1-2 of
the examples.

Does not correctly
identify the
premises.

Defending the
Premise

Clearly and
completely
addresses all
areas of Table 2:
Defending the
Premise.

Somewhat
addresses all areas
of Table 2. Some
answers may be
incomplete.

Limitedly addresses
all Table 2
requirements. A few
answers may be sparse
or incorrect.

Much of the
information is
incomplete or
inaccurate.

Reality
Assumptions

Clearly and
completely
addresses all
areas of Table 4:
Reality
Assumptions

Somewhat
addresses all areas
of Table 4. Some
answers may be
incomplete.

Limitedly addresses
all Table 4
requirements. A few
answers may be sparse
or incorrect.

Much of the
information is
incomplete or
inaccurate.

Metrics: Excellent
(4-5 pts):

Needs some
improvement
(3-4 points):

Needs significant
improvement
(2-3 points):

Poor
(0-2 points):

Mechanics and
Grammar

No errors in
usage,
capitalization,
punctuation and
spelling. Easy to
read and
understand.

Minor errors in
usage,
capitalization,
punctuation and
spelling that
interfere with
reading/
understanding

Some errors in usage,
capitalization,
punctuation and
spelling that interfere
with reading/
understanding.

Numerous errors in
usage,
capitalization,
punctuation and
spelling that
interfere with
reading/
understanding or is
limited in
development.

APA
formatting

No errors in APA
format: in- text
citation(s) or
reference page.

Minor errors in
APA format: in-
text citation(s) or
reference page.

Some errors in APA
format: in-text
citation(s) or reference
page.

Numerous errors in
APA format: in-text
citation(s) or
reference page.

Total: 50 points