The community is West Lawn in Chicago, IL. The health topics are politics, case management, media, and anything that you might find relevant to the assignment. 

NUR 4145 Community and Population Focused Health

Clinical Assignment #2: Environmental Health

This assignment will develop a beginning understanding of environmental health concepts in the community setting. Students will consider how HealthyPeople 2020 environmental health themes impact their community, and apply concepts such as “social justice” and “the greater good” in evaluating public health initiatives.

Learning Objectives

1. Describe the impact of various environmental public health hazards.

2. Investigate strategies that address solutions to environmental public health hazards.

3. Explore policy and legislation related to environmental health issues in the community.

Background

Students should familiarize themselves with HealthyPeople 2020’s Environmental Health objectives, which focus on 6 themes: 1) outdoor air quality; 2) surface and ground water quality; 3) toxic substances and hazardous wastes; 4) homes and communities; 5) infrastructure and surveillance; and 6) global environmental health.

Students can access https://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topics-objectives/topic/environmental-health for more information.

Instructions for Individual Activity

Each student will choose one of the HealthyPeople 2020’s Environmental Health themes to investigate and explore how their community (chosen with Clinical Assignment #1: Community Assessment/Windshield Survey) is affected and impacted by this theme, as well as what is being done to address this environmental health theme to safeguard or improve societal and environmental health. Students should search relevant public/governmental agency websites and media/newspaper publications to help understand the situation from historical, present, and future oriented perspectives. The EPA’s My Environment website may also be helpful (https://www3.epa.gov/enviro/myenviro/). Students will then create a 2-page paper (approximately 500 words) that addresses the following:

· Briefly describe the selected environmental health theme.

· Discuss how the community is affected/impacted by this environmental health theme.

· Explore the selected environmental health situation from historical, present, and future-oriented perspectives.

· Discuss any strategies that are planned or have been implemented to address this environmental health theme to safeguard or improve societal and environmental health. Consider the barriers and facilitators for success of these strategies. Propose strategies if none are found.

4/14/22, 7:02 AM Due Week 7: Clinical Assignment #2: Environmental Health – NUR4145-03:Community and Population Focused Health (2022 Spri…

https://oakpoint.brightspace.com/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_submit_files.d2l?db=35793&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=17673 1/5

Clinical Assignment #2: Environmental Health

Investigation
Course: NUR4145-03:Community and Population Focused Health (2022 Spring Term 2)-14709

Criteria
Exemplary
5 points

Satisfactory
4 points

Progressing
3 points

Unsatisfactory
2 points

Omitted
0 points

Criterion
Score

Briefly

describes

the selected

environment

al health

theme.

/ 5

Discuss how

the

community

is

affected/im

pacted by

this

environment

al theme.

/ 5

Demonstrates

professional

level writing,

synthesis of

ideas with

support from

research as

applicable

Demonstrates

proficient

college level

writing,

develops ideas

with enough

and firm

evidence

Demonstrates

emerging

college level

writing, shows

some thinking

and reasoning

but most ideas

are

underdevelope

d and

unoriginal

Does not

demonstrate

college level

writing,

thoughts are

incomplete

and

inconsistently

developed

Section

omitted

Demonstrates

professional

level writing,

synthesis of

ideas with

support from

research as

applicable

Demonstrates

proficient

college level

writing,

develops ideas

with enough

and firm

evidence

Demonstrates

emerging

college level

writing, shows

some thinking

and reasoning

but most ideas

are

underdevelope

d and

unoriginal

Does not

demonstrate

college level

writing,

thoughts are

incomplete

and

inconsistently

developed

Section

omitted

4/14/22, 7:02 AM Due Week 7: Clinical Assignment #2: Environmental Health – NUR4145-03:Community and Population Focused Health (2022 Spri…

https://oakpoint.brightspace.com/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_submit_files.d2l?db=35793&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=17673 2/5

Criteria
Exemplary
5 points

Satisfactory
4 points

Progressing
3 points

Unsatisfactory
2 points

Omitted
0 points

Criterion
Score

Explore the

selected

environment

al hea

Outdoor air quality can have lasting long-term effects on health. According to the CDC, poor

air quality can lead to respiratory and cardiovascular damage. There are many sources that can

lead to poor air quality from industrial pollution to wildfires. The CDC notes that unhealthy air

emissions have been decreasing, but that as many as 127 million people still live in areas where

poor air quality exceeds national standards.

In Chicago, the neighborhood of Little Village, is heavily impacted by poor air quality due to

industrial pollution. When looking at a map of Chicago, we can see that Little Village is zoned

for residential areas and industry. This industry is one of the major causes of poor air quality in

Little Village. The Natural Resources Defense Council (2018), with data from the CDC, created

an interactive map showing that Little Village area had one of the heaviest environmental

burdens in the city. This poor air quality also leads to health problems. In 2017, Little Village

had 1,008 admissions to ER for issues related to asthma (Chicago Health Atlas, 2017).

Historically, Little Village has long been an area with heavy industry. After the great

Chicago fire in 1871, some industrial companies decided to rebuild on the outskirts of the city,

which is now the neighborhood of Little Village (Schmidt, 2013). This area at the time was

mostly farmland. People began to move to the area to work in these newly built factories. The

neighborhood grew and was one of the most densely packed neighborhoods in Chicago

(Schmidt, 2013). In 1926, the Crawford coal plant was built. It would remain operational in

Little Village for almost 100 years. In 2012, after years of pressure from environmental groups,

then mayor Rahm Emmanuel, brokered an agreement to have the coal plant shut down (Wernau,

2012). A neighboring coal plant in Pilsen, the Fisk Coal Plant, was also shut down at the same

time.

The Little Village Environmental Justice Organization (LVJEO) has long been active in

advocating and strategizing plans to improve the environmental health of the Community. The

LVJEO were heavily responsible in the closure of the Crawford Power Plant (Wernau. 2012).

They worked closely with the city and the EPA to bring a much-needed park to the neighborhood

in 2014. Currently, they are protesting the decision by the city to allow the former Crawford site

to become a large-scale Target distribution center. The LVJEO claims that a distribution center

will still impact the neighborhood air quality negatively due to increase in diesel truck emissions

(Isaacs, 2020). The LVJEO said the city shut