Scenario: 76-year-old female patient complains of weight gain, shortness of breath, peripheral edema, and abdominal swelling. She has a history of congestive heart failure and admits to not taking her diuretic, as it makes her “have to get up every couple hours to go to the bathroom.” She now has to sleep on two pillows in order to get enough air.

To prepare:

The Assignment

In your Case Study Analysis related to the scenario provided, explain the following:

  • The      cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes that result      in the patient presenting these symptoms.
  • Any      racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning. ( how      it affects black American and white American race).
  • How      these processes interact to affect the patient.
  • Introduction      and conclusion 
  • Refer      to the rubric for more information on how to respond to this prompt.

TOPIC: alterations in the cardiovascular and respiratory systems

Scenario: 76-year-old female patient complains of weight gain, shortness of breath, peripheral edema, and abdominal swelling. She has a history of congestive heart failure and admits to not taking her diuretic, as it makes her “have to get up every couple hours to go to the bathroom.” She now has to sleep on two pillows in order to get enough air.

To prepare:

The Assignment

In your Case Study Analysis related to the scenario provided, explain the following:

· The cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes that result in the patient presenting these symptoms.

· Any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning. ( how it affects black American and white American race).

· How these processes interact to affect the patient.

· Introduction and conclusion

· Refer to the rubric for more information on how to respond to this prompt.

RUBRIC FOR GRADING

Develop a 1- to 2-page case study analysis, examing the patient symptoms presented in the case study. Be sure to address the following: Explain both the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes of why the patient presents these symptoms. = The response accurately and thoroughly describes the patient symptoms. … The response includes accurate, clear, and detailed reasons, with explanation for both the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes supported by evidence and/or research, as appropriate, to support the explanation.

This criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeExplain how the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes interact to affect the patient. = The response includes an accurate, complete, detailed, and specific explanation of how the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes interact to affect the patient.

Explain any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning. = The response includes an accurate, complete, detailed, and specific explanation of racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning supported by evidence and/or research, as appropriate, to support the explanation.

Written Expression and Formatting – Paragraph Development and Organization: Paragraphs make clear points that support well-developed ideas, flow logically, and demonstrate continuity of ideas. Sentences are carefully focused—neither long and rambling nor short and lacking substance. A clear and comprehensive purpose statement and introduction are provided that delineate all required criteria. = Paragraphs and sentences follow writing standards for flow, continuity, and clarity. … A clear and comprehensive purpose statement, introduction, and conclusion are provided that delineate all

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Case Study Analysis

Student’s Name

Institution

Date

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Case Study Analysis

Scenario: 76-year-old female patient complains of weight gain, shortness of breath, peripheral

edema, and abdominal swelling. She has a history of congestive heart failure and admits to not

taking her diuretic, as it makes her “have to get up every couple hours to go to the bathroom.”

She now must sleep on two pillows in order to get enough air.

Introduction

The cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary systems are some of the most vital organs of the

human body. They include the lungs, arteries, veins, heart, and blood vessels. The two systems

work hand in hand to aid in the transportation of oxygen throughout the body. Congestive heart

failure is a common dysfunction of the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary and it’s a common

condition in the United States (Enwerem et al., 2018). It is a condition characterized by heart

failure to pump enough oxygenated blood to the whole body. This may cause organ failure, fluid

collection in the lungs, swelling, and shortness of breath. In addition, congestive heart failure is

indicated by fatigue, dyspnea upon laying down, ascites, and edema. The presented patient case

exhibits the symptoms of congestive heart failure. This paper will explore both cardiovascular

and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes of the presented patient symptoms, the

interaction of the cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes, and

racial/ethnic variables which may affect physiological functioning.

The Cardiovascular and Cardiopulmonary Pathophysiologic Processes that Result in the

Patient Presenting these Symptoms

The patient exhibits symptoms of congestive heart failure exacerbation because of

diuretic non-adherence. The duration that she has experienced the symptoms and diagnostic tests

and values are useful. In addition, the patient is experiencing abdominal swelling, weight gain,

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ADVANCED PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

Case Scenario

76-year-old female patient complains of weight gain, shortness of breath, peripheral

edema, and abdominal swelling. She has a history of congestive heart failure and admits

to not taking her diuretic, as it makes her “have to get up every couple hours to go to the

bathroom.” She now must sleep on two pillows in order to get enough air.

Introduction

Congestive heart failure is a chronic and progressive disease that influences the

ability of heart muscles to pump blood within the heart. Blood pumping becomes

ineffective after the buildup of fluid in the heart. This paper explores a congestive heart

failure patient, presenting both cardiovascular as well as cardiopulmonary

pathophysiologic processes leading to the patient’s symptoms, the influence of ethnicity

and racial variables, and the interaction of processes affecting the patient on the above

scenario.

Cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes

The patient in the above scenario presents with symptoms such as abdominal

swelling, weight gain, and peripheral edema history. Since the patient has a history of

cognitive heart failure, the above symptoms might be occurring due to cognitive heart

failure. It is important to understand that abdominal swelling and peripheral are caused

by heart failure (McCance, &Huether, 2019). Cognitive heart failure is the major

cardiovascular process that results in the patient presenting the above symptoms.

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ADVANCED PATHOPHYSIOLOGY

Cognitive heart failure makes the heart weak, thus failing to pump blood within the body.

This causes blooding clotting in front of the heart.

The patient admitted that she does not tak