Initial Substantive Posts: Your initial post should be substantive (approximately 200-300 words in length for each discussion question). In your substantive post you are encouraged to use references (you may use your textbook); show evidence of critical thinking. the 2 questions will be uploaded as discussion 1. Please use reference i provided and you can add more refences no more than 3 refences each.

Initial Substantive Posts: Your initial post should be substantive (approximately 200-300 words in length). In your substantive post you are encouraged to use references (you may use your textbook); show evidence of critical thinking as it applies to the concepts.

1.

Historical Perspectives on Nursing Today

What do you think would be the response of such historical nursing leaders as Florence Nightingale, Lillian Wald, and Mary Breckinridge if they could see what the profession of nursing looks like today?


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G034ftcZSZs


https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ETGimIeTeis

2.

Nursing Competencies and Theoretical Knowledge

What are the specific competencies for nurses in relation to theoretical knowledge?

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Below is an example of a substantive discussion post (This content is not from this course):

Neutropenia is a decrease in circulating neutrophils in the nonmarginal pool, which constitutes 4-5% of total body neutrophil stores (Braden, 2016). Something that should be investigated is the underlying cause for the neutropenia. Knowing what would point myself as the nurse in the direction to educate the patient and would help the physician in treating the condition. The likelihood of having complication from neutropenia are very high as usually the reason for neutropenia is overwhelming infection.

Common presenting symptoms of neutropenia include the following: (Braden, 2016)

· Low-grade fever

· Sore mouth

· Odynophagia

· Gingival pain and swelling

· Skin abscesses

· Recurrent sinusitis and otitis

· Symptoms of pneumonia (eg, cough, dyspnea)

· Perirectal pain and irritation

Diagnosing neutropenis is realatively easy as the doctor would need to order a complete blood cell count, differencial white blood cell count, and a peripheral smear that is to be reviewed by a pathologist. Other causes of neutropenia, in the absence of overwhelming infection, may be (1) decreased neutrophil production or ineffective granulopoiesis, (2) reduced neutrophil survival, and (3) abnormal neutrophil distribution and sequestration. Hematologic disorders that cause ineffective or decreased production include hypoplastic or aplastic anemia, megaloblastic anemias, leukemia, or drug-/toxin-induced neutropenia (Huether, 2012). Educating patient on the way to care for ones self at home is very important. Making sure that the patient takes all of their antibiotics and committing to keeping their follow up appointment is very important to her recovery

Massachusetts Nurse of the Future
Nursing Core Competencies©

REGISTERED NURSE

P
RA

CT
IC

E E
NV

IR
ONMENT

PRACTICE ENVIROMENT

SA K K ASNURSING
KNOWLEDGE

Pa
tie

nt

Ce
nt

er
ed

Ca
re

Professi
onalism

Leadership

Systems-Based Informatics and

Technology

Co
m

m
un

ica
tio

n

Evidence-Based

PracticeQuality Improvement

Safety

Teamwork and

PR

AC
TIC

E

PRACTICE

Colla
boratio

n

Practice

K – Knowledge
A – Attitudes
S – Skills

Massachusetts Department of Higher Education Nursing Initiative
Revised March 2016

Nurse of the Future: Nursing Core Competencies© | 1

Table of Contents
Background 2

Defining NOF Nursing Core Competencies: Assumptions, Nursing Core
Competencies, and the Nursing Core Competency Model

3

Nursing Knowledge 8

The Nurse of the Future Nursing Core Competencies

>> Patient-Centered Care 10

>> Professionalism 14

>> Leadership 18

>> Systems-Based Practice 22

>> Informatics and Technology 26

>> Communication 32

>> Teamwork and Collaboration 37

>> Safety 42

>> Quality Improvement 45

>> Evidence-Based Practice 47

Glossary 51

Professional Standards 55

General Bibliography 56

Nurse of the Future: Nursing Core Competencies© | 2

Background

This third edition of the Nurse of the Future Core Nursing Competencies is a result of review and updating process since the original publication. The purpose
of the review was to ensure that the competencies reflect the many changes that have occurred in the health care environment and nursing practice over the
past five years. The competencies still represent the minimum expectations for all nurses as they complete their pre-licensure education. As nursing education
and practice continue to evolve in response to the needs of patients and the health care environment, these competencies will require ongoing review and
evaluation to ensure that they continue to define the expectations for entry into nursing practice.

In March 2006, the Massachusetts Department of Higher Education (DHE) and the Massa chusetts Organization of Nurse Executives (MONE) convened
a facilitated work ing session entitled Creativity and Connections: Building the Framework for the Future of Nursing Education and Practice. This
invitational session brought together 32 experienced professionals from the major statewi